Interpretare il turismo sostenibile attraverso la relazione tra imprese turistiche e destinazioni: un framework co-evolutivo

Silvia Baiocco, Paola M. A. Paniccia

Abstract


La ricerca sul turismo sostenibile è notevolmente cresciuta nel corso delle ultime tre decadi enfatizzandone lo stretto legame con la questione sempre attuale dello sviluppo sostenibile. Grande attenzione è stata posta principalmente sugli impatti del turismo sostenibile a livello di destinazione, mentre la mancanza di prospettive teoriche appropriate ha ostacolato una comprensione esaustiva delle relazioni chiave e dei processi che ne trainano lo sviluppo, quindi una sua definizione coerente con la visione olistica e dinamica della sostenibilità. Pertanto, l’obiettivo principale di questo articolo concettuale è contribuire a colmare questo gap di ricerca proponendo una spiegazione co-evolutiva dello sviluppo turistico sostenibile che ne delinea relazioni chiave e associati processi trainanti. Sulla base di una revisione critica dello stato dell’arte sull’argomento e attingendo dall’idea di sviluppo sostenibile consolidata nella letteratura economica sulla co-evoluzione, l’articolo sviluppa un framework interpretativo che concepisce il turismo sostenibile come un processo di adattamento co-evolutivo efficace coinvolgenti più livelli di una destinazione. Vengono quindi discusse le implicazioni per la ricerca e la pratica nel campo del turismo sostenibile e i limiti dello studio. L’articolo risponde alle richieste di ulteriori sforzi di ricerca teorica sull’argomento aggiungendo nuovi elementi agli esistenti studi sulla co-evoluzione nel campo del turismo.


Parole chiave


Imprese turistiche, turismo sostenibile, destinazioni, co-evoluzione

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